You must be familiar with different models of pickles; as you know, pickles or Torshi are a kind of side dish made from a variety of vegetables and vinegar that play a significant role in Middle Eastern cuisine, especially Iranians. Of course, this does not mean that this delicious side dish is not served with different dishes in other parts of the world but only emphasizes its prominent role in the Middle East. It is not very difficult to prepare Persian pickles at home; whenever you decide, you can prepare them by adding vinegar or brine to the ingredients; but first, you have to get to know different Persian pickles.
History of Pickles in the World
When we look at the purpose of making pickles, we realize that this practice has a long history. Making pickles dates back to when there were no facilities for storing vegetables. People decided to use vegetables and salt to prevent them from decaying and keep them for a longer time. The load formed something called pickles or Torshi. Of course, no exact information is available about when and where this fantastic compound first appeared. However, according to available historical evidence, making pickles dates back more than 4,000 years.
Different Types of Iranian Pickles
Making pickles in Iran has a relatively long history. Iranian factories have begun producing various French and Persian pickles for more than 70 years. It means the pickles you see in stores and supermarkets, But making pickles in Iranian homes goes back more than seventy years.
1. Torshi Liteh – Eggplant and Herb Pickle
Liteh is one of the Persian pickles that contains eggplant. Pickles are made in different ways in different provinces of Iran. For example, Litteh in the south of Iran is usually spicy and is made with a lot of pepper. Northern Liteh pickle is made with grilled eggplant, carrots, and aromatic vegetables. This pickle is served with different Persian dishes.
2. Torshi Sir – Persian Pickled Garlic
Torshi sir (seer) is another famous Iranian pickle. This pickle has high properties and is also a potent antioxidant. Pickled garlic also prevents heart attacks. It is suitable for the skin and rich in phosphorus, magnesium, iron, and potassium.
Other properties of pickled garlic are vitamins B, and C. Vitamin B promotes proper bowel function. Phosphorus in it is also effective in boosting memory.
3. Torshi Felfel Sabz – Pickled Green Peppers
Pickled green peppers are the best choice for people who like spicy seasonings. Of course, pickled green peppers are not always spicy; Because sweet green peppers can be replaced with hot peppers. This pickle is usually served with seafood such as pilaf vegetables with fish. Hot peppers are rich in vitamin C. Vitamin C in the body causes antioxidants. Hot peppers also stimulate the production of collagen and protein in the body. Collagen is perfect for skin and bones, blood vessels, and tissues. This pickle also has a significant effect on strengthening the immune system.
4. Torshi Kalam – Pickled Red Cabbage
Red cabbage pickle is used as a garnish along with various kebabs. Of course, it is consumed along with other foods. But it is usually used as a decoration. In addition to the unique taste, this pickle has a beautiful color that looks nice along with other foods. Sometimes beet juice is used to make the pickle more colorful. Red cabbage contains two beneficial substances called lutein and zeaxanthin. These two substances effectively improve the eyes’ health and naturally protect the retina from ultraviolet rays. High vitamin K levels in red cabbage are also good for the bones.
5. Pickle Hafte Bijar
Hafte Bijar pickle is one of the most delicious Iranian pickles. This pickle is so named because it uses 7 fruits, seven spices, and seven vegetables and is specific to the city of Bijar. This pickle is more than 150 years old. Cauliflower, potatoes, green beans, carrots, hot green peppers, eggplant, and cucumber are used in this pickle. It also contains several aromatic vegetables such as tarragon, savory, mint, parsley, and coriander.
Read more: Advieh; Persian Spice Blend Recipe
6. Torshi Bandari – Mixed Vegetables Pickle
Torshi Bandari, as its name implies, is for the southern regions of Iran. A very spicy Persian pickle that is prepared according to the food taste of the people of the same area, but this does not mean that people in other parts of the country do not eat Torshi Bandari or enjoy eating this pickle. The city of Bandar Abbas is the main source of this pickle.
In the preparation of this pickle, cucumber, eggplant, carrot, cauliflower, shallot, tomato paste, salt, red pepper, and aromatic vegetables are used. But what is very clear and remarkable in the taste of this pickle is the spicy taste of its pepper.
Southern women are good at making these pickles, but you can also easily make this delicious Iranian pickle at home with the help of a precise and step-by-step recipe. The amount of pepper also depends on your taste, you can increase or decrease it, but if you ask the people of the south, they think that this pickle without pepper is not Torshi Bandari.
Do not forget to make these pickles and share them with us. If you also have any related questions about the Persian pickles, please do not hesitate to ask.